IRAP > Pages profils > Lavraud Benoit

Profil de Benoit Lavraud

Lavraud Benoit

Email : Benoit.LavraudSPAMFILTER@irap.omp.eu

Téléphone / phone: +33 5 61 55 66 79

Bureau / office : 163

Institution : CNRS

Statut / status: Chercheur

Adresse professionnelle / address:

Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie
9 Ave. du Colonel Roche
31028 Toulouse Cedex 4
France

Site perso / personal website :

Main functions  
Since January 2015 Department Head « Planètes, Environnements, Plasmas Spatiaux »
Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse
Since April 2010 Editor, Geophysical Research Letters (AGU Journal)
Since January 2012
  
Chargé de Recherche 1ère classe CNRS
Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse
Group: « Planètes, Environnements, Plasmas Spatiaux »
January 2008 - 
  December 2011
  
Chargé de Recherche 2ème classe CNRS
Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CESR), Toulouse
Group: « Système Solaire »
August 2006 -
  December 2007
« Limited-term Staff Member » at Los Alamos National Laboratory
Group: « Space Science and Applications »
February 2004 -
  August 2006
Post-doc at Los Alamos National Laboratory
Group: « Space Science and Applications »
Supervisor : Michelle F. Thomsen
Diplomas  
July 2013 « Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches »
Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
October 2000 -
  January 2004
PhD « Sciences de l’Univers, de l’Environnement et de l’Espace »
Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse,
Supervisor : Henri Rème
Thesis topic : « The Exterior Cusps of the Terrestrial Magnetosphere : CLUSTER mission data analysis »
1999 - 2000 DEA « Astrophysique, Planétologie et Technique Spatiale »
Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
1998 - 1999 Maîtrise de physique, Université Bordeaux I
1997 - 1998 Licence de physique, Université Bordeaux I
1995 - 1997 DEUG A option physique-chimie, Université Bordeaux I
1994 - 1995 BAC S option physique-chimie, Lycée Grand-Air, Arcachon

Other main responsibilities :

   - In charge of the Cold Solar Wind (CSW) instrument on the THOR mission, selected for phase A (ESA M4).
   - In charge of the development of a new compact ion-electron instrument (AMBER_NG, CNES funding).
   - Co-I « Cluster Ion Spectrometry » (CIS) on Cluster.
   - Co-I « Hot Ion Analyzer » (HIA) on Double-Star.
   - Co-I« Solar Wind Analyser » (SWA) on Solar Orbiter.

Strong scientific/instrumental implications :
   - « Fast Plasma Instruments » (FPI) onboard the 4 MMS spacecraft, launched March 12, 2015.
   - « Active Monitor Box of Electrostatic Risks » (AMBER) to be launched on Jason-3 in 2015.
   - « Solar Wind Electron Analysers » (SWEA) onboard the 2 STEREO spacecraft.
   - « Magnetospheric Plasma Analyzer » (MPA) onboard 7 Los Alamos geostationary spacecraft.

 Group/committee memberships:
   - Science Study Team (SST) of ESA for the THOR mission, selected for phase A in class M4.
   - « Space Physics and Aeronomy » (SPA) executive committee of AGU since 2010.
   - Liaison « Europe/ESA » of the NSF-GEM steering committee since 2009.
   - Science and Technical Council of IRAP since 2015.
   - Laboratory Council of IRAP since 2015.
   - « Soleil-Héliosphère-Magnétosphère » (SHM) French Space Agency (CNES) advisory committee, 2010 - 2015.
   - Science Study Team (SST) of ESA for the KUAFU mission (2012).
   - Definition team for the missions AXIOM-C, SELMA et TOR submitted to the ESA S-class call in 2012.
   - Definition team of the mission EidoSCOPE submitted to the ESA M3 call in 2010.
   - « Centre de Données de Physique des Plasmas » (CDPP, IRAP).
   - Solar Orbiter Data Analysis Working Group (2010 - 2014).

Scientific evaluations: 
  - Reviewer for international journals: Journal of Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letters, Annales Geophysicae, Planetary and Space Science, Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, Experimental Astronomy, etc.
   - NASA evaluation committee « Geospace 2011 » and « Heliophysics GI 2008 ».
   - PhD jury: Lisa Rosenqvist (University of Uppsala, Sweden, May 2008), Lucile Turc (reporter; LPP, Paris, Sept. 2014), Alexandros Chasapis Giannakopoulos (reporter; LPP, Paris, Sept. 2015). 
   - Research proposals (NASA, NSF, Czech foundation, Swedish Agency)
   - Reviewing for Cluster Active Archive (CAA) in 2009.
   - Master thesis evaluation (Ecole doctorale SDU2E, Toulouse) (2008, 2010).

Projects and services (related to CDPP activities) :
   - Co-leader of the definition and development of CDPP « Space Weather Tool » (CNES funding).
   - Co-leader of the definition and development of CDPP « Propagation Tool » (CNES funding).
   - Active participation in the development of the AMDA tool of CDPP (CNES funding).
   - Contribution to the HELCATS project (FP7 Europe 2014 - )
   - Contribution to the HELIO project (FP7 Europe 2009-2012).

PI of research proposals in the USA:
   - NSF « Influence of plasma sheet density, temperature, and local time asymmetries on the ring current strength and peak location » (2006).
   - NASA « Formation of Earth’s low-latitude boundary layer and cold, dense plasma sheet under northward IMF » (2005).

Co-I of research proposals in the USA:
   - « LDRD » at Los Alamos « A new mechanism for microscopic-macroscopic coupling in space plasmas » (2005).
   - NASA « Exploration of solar wind plasma entry into Earth’s magnetosphere » (2004)
   - NASA « Simulations of ring current dynamics with self-consistent magnetic field » (2006).

Awards:
   - NSSC/ESA certificate for outstanding contribution to Cluster and Double Star missions, 2015.
   - Prime d’Excellence Scientifique (PES) CNRS in 2011.
   - ESA « Five years of Cluster in space » for outstanding contribution to the Cluster mission, 2005.
   - AGU « Outstanding Student Paper Award », Lavraud et al., AGUFMSM62A-0484, 2002.

Thematic workshop organization (CDPP/PNST/CNRS/CNES fundings):
   - « Workshop on magnetic reconnection », LPP, Paris, 26-27 Sept., 2012.
   - « Workshop on heliospheric processes », IRAP, Toulouse, 21-25 May, 2012.
   - « Workshop on the magnetopause », CESR, Toulouse, 8-10 June, 2010.
   - « Workshop on magnetosheath processes », CESR, Toulouse, 8-10 Oct., 2008.

NSF “Geospace Environment Modeling (GEM)” focus group co-leader:
   - « Near-Earth Magnetosphere: Plasma, Fields, and Coupling », Jan. 2007 – June 2012.
   - « Plasma Acceleration and Transport within the Magnetotail », Dec. 2005 – Dec. 2006.

Invited participation in ISSI teams (Switzerland) :
   - « Particle heating in magnetic reconnection », 2013 - 2015
   - « Flow-driven instabilities of the Sun-Earth system », 2012 - 2014
   - « Plasma entry and transport in the plasma sheet », 2011 - 2013
   - « Studies of dayside mag. response using Cluster-THEMIS conjunctions », 2008 - 2010.
   - « Comparative Cluster-Double Star meas. of the dayside magnetosphere », 2004 - 2006.
   - « Outer Magnetospheric Boundaries: Cluster Results », 2003 - 2005.

Session organization in international conferences:
   - HELIO workshop, Septembre 2012, Dublin, Ireland.
   - 3rd Cluster-THEMIS workshop, Octobre 2012, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
   - COSPAR, Juillet 2012, Mysore, India.
   - Inner Magnetosphere Coupling 2, Mars 19-23 2012, Los Angeles, USA.
   - HELIO workshop, Octobre 2011, Trieste, Italy.
   - ISROSES-II, Septembre 2011, Borovets, Bulgaria.
   - IAGA, Juillet 2011, Melbourne, Australia.
   - HELIO Workshop, Avril 2011, Dublin, Ireland.
   - EGU, Mai 2010, Vienne, Austria.
   - IAGA, Aout 2009, Sopron, Hungary.
   - EGU, Avril 2009, Vienne, Autriche.
   - GEM, Juin 2008, Midway, USA.
   - STAMMS-2, Septembre 2007, Orléans, France.
   - Fall AGU, Décembre 2006, San Francisco, USA.
   - Cluster Workshop, Septembre 2006, Saariselka, Finlande.
   - STAMMS, Mai 2003, Orléans, France.
   - Cluster Workshop, Septembre 2002, Didcot, UK.

Chair in international conferences :
   - Cluster 10th anniversary workshop, Octobre 2010, Corfou, Grèce.
   - Cross-scale workshop, Mars 2009, Cosenza, Italie.
   - Conference on the non-linear magnetosphere, Janvier 2009, Valparaiso, Chili.
   - AGU Fall Meeting, Décembre 2005, San Francisco, USA.
   - Cluster and Double Star Symposium, Septembre 2005, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Pays-Bas.
   - IAGA, Juillet 2003, Sapporo, Japon.

Main/Recent publications

Book Chapters:

Lavraud, B., C. J. Farrugia, C. Foullon, and J. P. Eastwood, Chapter 1: The magnetopause, its boundary layers, and pathways to the magnetotail, in “The Dynamic Magnetosphere”, Springer publications, W. Liu, and M. Fujimoto (Eds), pp. 3-28, 2011.

Lavraud, B., H. Rème, M. W. Dunlop, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Keiling, T. D. Phan, R. Lundin, P. J. Cargill, C. P. Escoubet, C. W. Carlson, J. P. McFadden, G. K. Parks, E. Moebius, L. M. Kistler, E. Amata, M.-B. Bavassano-Cattaneo, A. Korth, B. Klecker and A. Balogh, Cluster observes the high-altitude cusp region, in “The Magnetospheric Cusps: Structure and dynamics”, Springer publications, T. A. Fritz, and S. F. Fung (Eds.), pp. 135-175, 2005.

Cargill, P. J.,B. Lavraud, C. J. Owen, B. Grison, M. W. Dunlop, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, C. P. Escoubet, G. Paschmann, T. D. Phan, L. Rezeau, Y. Bogdanova, and K. Nykyri, Chapter 9: Cluster at the Magnetospheric Cusps, in “Outer Magnetospheric Boundaries: Cluster Results”, Space Sciences Series of ISSI, Vol. 20, Paschmann, G., Schwartz, S. J., Escoubet, C. P., Haaland, S. (Eds.), pp. 321-366, 2005.

Dunlop, M. W.,B. Lavraud, P. J. Cargill, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Balogh, H. Rème, P. Décréau, K.–H. Glassmeier, R. C. Elphic, J.-M. Bosqued, A. Fazakerley, I. Dandouras, and A. Marchaudon, Cluster observations of the cusp: magnetic structure and dynamics, in “The Magnetospheric Cusps: Structure and dynamics”, Springer publications, T. A. Fritz, and S. F. Fung (Eds.), pp. 5-55, 2005.

Published articles:

Year 2015:

[120] Ruffenach, A.,B. Lavraud, C. J. Farrugia, P. Démoulin, S. Dasso, M. J. Owens, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. P. Rouillard, A. Lynnyk, C. Foullon, N. P. Savani, J. G. Luhmann, and A. B. Galvin, Statistical study of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection, J. Geophys. Res., 120, doi:10.1002/2014JA020628, 2015.

[119] Facsko, G., A. Opitz,B. Lavraud, J. G. Luhmann, C. T. Russell, J-A. Sauvaud, A. Fedorov, A. Kis, and V. Wesztergom, Hot flow anomaly remnant in the far geotail?,J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Physics, 124, 39–43, 2015.

Year 2014:

[118] Lavraud, B., A. Ruffenach, A. P. Rouillard, P. Kajdic, W. B. Manchester, and N. Lugaz, Geo-effectiveness and radial dependence of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection,J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019154, 2014.

[117] Kajdič, P.,B. Lavraud, A. Zaslavsky, X. Blanco-Cano, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Opitz, L. K. Jian, M. Maksimovic, and J. G. Luhmann, Ninety degrees pitch angle enhancements of suprathermal electrons associated with interplanetary shocks, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020213, 2014.

[116] Manchester IV, W. B., B. van der Holst, andB. Lavraud, Flux rope evolution in ICMEs: The 2005 May 13 event,Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 56, 064006, 2014.

[115] Fuselier, S. A., S. M. Petrinec, K. J. Trattner, andB. Lavraud, Magnetic field topology for northward IMF reconnection: Ion observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 9051–9071, doi:10.1002/2014JA020351, 2014.

[114] Manchester, W. B., IV, J. U. Kozyra, S. T. Lepri, andB. Lavraud, Simulation of magnetic cloud erosion during propagation, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 5449–5464, doi:10.1002/2014JA019882, 2014.

[113] Wing,  S., J. R. Johnson, C. C. Chaston, M. Echim, C. P. Escoubet,B. Lavraud, C. Lemon, K. Nykyri,  A. Otto, J. Raeder, and C.-P. Wang, Review of solar wind entry into and transport within the plasma sheet, Space Science Rev., 1 ­ 54, doi:10.1007/s11214-014-0108-9, 2014.

[112] Wu, Z., Y. Chen, G. Li, L. Zhao, R. W. Ebert, M. I. Desai, G. M. Mason,B. Lavraud, L. Zhao, Y. C.-M. Liu, F. Guo, C. L. Tang, and E. Landi, Observations of energetic particles between a pair of corotating interaction regions,Astropys. J., 78(1), 17, 2014.

[111] Liu, Y. D., J. G. Luhmann, P. Kajdic, E. K. J. Kilpua, N. Lugaz, N. V. Nitta, C. Mostl,B. Lavraud, S. D. Bale, C. J. Farrugia, and A. B. Galvin, Observations of an extreme storm in interplanetary space caused by successive coronal mass ejections,Nature Comm., 5, 3481, doi:10.1038/ncomms4481, 2014.

[110] Opitz, A., J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Klassen, R. Gomez-Herrero, R. Bucik, L. M. Kistler, C. Jacquey, J. Luhmann, G. Mason, P. Kajdic, andB. Lavraud, Solar wind control of the terrestrial magnetotail as seen by STEREO, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA019988, 2014.

Year 2013:

[108] Lavraud, B., E. Larroque, E. Budnik, V. Génot, J. E. Borovsky, M. W. Dunlop, C. Foullon, H. Hasegawa, C. Jacquey, K. Nykyri, A. Ruffenach, M. G. G. T. Taylor, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème, Asymmetry of magnetosheath flows and magnetopause shape during low Alfvén Mach number solar wind, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgra.50145, 2013.

[107] Savani, N. P., A. Vourlidas, A. Pulkkinen, T. Nieves-Chinchilla, B. Lavraud, and M. J. Owens, Tracking the momentum flux of a CME and quantifying its influence on geomagnetically induced currents at Earth, Space Weather, 5, 245-261, doi: 10.1002/swe.20038, 2013.

[106] Eastwood, J. P., T. D. Phan, J. F. Drake, M. A. Shay, A. L. Borg, B. Lavraud, and M. G. G. T. Taylor, Energy partition in magnetic reconnection in Earth’s magnetotail, Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, 225001, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.225001, 2013.

[105] Kajdic, P., X. Blanco-Cano, N. Omidi, K. Meziane, C. T. Russell, J.-A. Sauvaud, I. Dandouras, and B. Lavraud, Statistical study of foreshock cavitons, Ann. Geophys., 31, 2157-2162, 2013.

[104] Engebretson, M. J., T. L. Yeoman, K. Oksavik, F. SøRaas, F. Sigernes, J. I. Moen, M. G. Johnsen, V. A. Pilipenko, J. L. Posch, M. R. Lessard, B. Lavraud, M. D. Hartinger, L. B. N. Clausen, T. Raita, and C. Stolle, Multi-instrument observations from Svalbard of a traveling convection vortex, electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave burst, and proton precipitation associated with a bow shock instability, J. Geophys. Res., 118(6),  2975-2997, doi:10.1002/jgra.50291, 2013.

Year 2012:

[103] Ruffenach, A., B. Lavraud, M. J. Owens, J.-A. Sauvaud, N. P. Savani, A. P. Rouillard, P. Démoulin, C. Foullon, A. Opitz, A. Fedorov, Jacquey, V. Génot, P. Louarn, J. G. Luhmann, C. T. Russell, C. J. Farrugia, and A. B. Galvin, Multi-spacecraft observation of magnetic cloud erosion by magnetic reconnection during propagation, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A09101, doi:10.1029/2012JA017624, 2012.

[102] Taylor, M. G. G. T., H. Hasegawa, B. Lavraud, T. Phan, C.P. Escoubet, M. W. Dunlop, Y. V. Bogdanova, A. L. Borg, M. Volwerk, J. Berchem, O. D. Constantinescu, A. Masson, H. Laakso, A. N. Fazakerley, H. Frey, E. V. Panov, C. Shen, J. K. Shi, D. G. Sibeck, Z. Y. Pu, J. Wang, and J. Wild, Spatial distribution of rolled up vortices at the dayside and flank magnetopause, Ann. Geophys., 30, 1025-1035, 2012.

[101] Owens, M. J., P. Démoulin, N. P. Savani, B. Lavraud, and A. Ruffenach, Implications of non-cylindrical flux ropes for magnetic cloud reconstruction techniques and the interpretation of double flux-rope events, Solar Phys., 278(2), 435-446, doi:10.1007/s11207-012-9939-2, 2012.

[100] Palin, L., C. Jacquey, J.-A. Sauvaud, B. Lavraud, E. Budnik, V. Angelopoulos, U. Auster, J. P. McFadden, and D. Larson, Statistical analysis of dipolarisation using spacecraft closely separated along Z, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A09215, doi:10.1029/2012JA017532, 2012.

[99] Fuselier, S. A. K. J. Trattner, S. M. Petrinec, and B. Lavraud, Dayside magnetic topology at the Earth’s magnetopause for northward IMF, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08235, doi:10.1029/2012JA017852, 2012.

[98] Zhang, Q.-H., M. W. Dunlop, M. Lockwood, B. Lavraud, Y. Bogdanova, H. Hasegawa, H.-G. Yang, R.-Y. Liu, H.-Q. Hu, B.-C. Zhang, Z.-Y. Pu, Q.-M. Lu, Z.-W. Yang, J. Wang, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Berchem, D. Constantinescu, M. Volwerk, H. Frey, A. N. Fazakerley, C. Shen, J.-K. Shi, D. Sibeck, P. Escoubet, and J. Wild, Inner plasma structure of the low-latitude reconnection layer, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08205, doi:10.1029/2012JA017622, 2012.

[97] Engebretson, M. J., C. R. G. Kahlstorf, D. L. Murr, J. L. Posch, A. Keiling, B. Lavraud, H. Rème, M. R. Lessard, E.-H. Kim, J. R. Johnson, J. Dombeck, B. Grison, P. Robert, K.-H. Glassmeier, and P. M. E. Décréau, Cluster observations of band-limited Pc 1 waves associated with streaming H+ and O+ ions in the high-altitude plasma mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A10219, doi:10.1029/2012JA017982, 2012.

[96] Hasegawa, H., H. Zhang, Y. Lin, B. U. O. Sonnerup, S. J. Schwartz, B. Lavraud, and Q.-G. Zong, Magnetic Flux Rope Formation within a Magnetosheath Hot Flow Anomaly, J. Geophys. Res., 117, No. A9, A09214, doi:10.1029/2012JA017920, 2012.

[95] Simunac, K. D. C., A. B. Galvin, C. J. Farrugia, L. M. Kistler, H. Kucharek, B. Lavraud, Y. C.-M. Liu, J. G. Luhmann, K. W. Ogilvie, A. Opitz, M. A. Popecki, J.-A. Sauvaud, and S. Wang, The heliospheric plasma sheet observed in situ by three spacecraft over four solar rotations, Sol. Phys., 281(1), 423-447, doi: 10.1007/s11207-012-0156-9.

[94] Vaivads, A., G. Andersson, S. D. Bale, C. M. Cully, J. De Keyser, M. Fujimoto, S. Grahn, S. Haaland, H. Ji, Yu. V. Khotyaintsev, A. Lazarian, B. Lavraud, I. R. Mann, R. Nakamura, T. K. M. Nakamura, Y. Narita, A. Retinò, F. Sahraoui, A. Schekochihin, S. J. Schwartz, I. Shinohara, and L. Sorriso-Valvo, EIDOSCOPE: particle acceleration at plasma boundaries, Exp. Astron., 33(2-3), 491-527, doi:10.1007/s10686-011-9233-6, 2012.

[93] Mostl, C., C. J. Farrugia, E. K. J. Kilpua, L. K. Jian, Y. Liu, J. Eastwood, R. Harrison, D. F. Webb, M. Temmer, D. Odstrcil, J. A. Davies, T. Rollett, J. G. Luhmann, N. Nitta, T. Mulligan, E. A. Jensen, R. Forsyth, B. Lavraud, C. A. de Koning, A. M. Veronig, A. B. Galvin, T. L. Zhang, and B. J. Anderson, Multi-point shock and flux rope analysis of multiple interplanetary coronal mass ejections around 2010 August 1 in the inner heliopshere, Astrophy. J., 758(10), doi:10.1088/0004-637X/758/1/10, 2012.

[92] Perez-Suarez, D., S. A. Maloney, P. A. Higgins, D. S. Bloomfield, P. T. Gallagher, G. Pieratoni, X. Bonnin, B. Cecconi, V. Alberti, K. Bocchialini, M. Dierckxsens, A. Opitz, A. Le Blanc, J. Aboudarham, R. B. Bentley, J. Brooke, B. Coghlan, A. Csillaghy, C. Jacquey, B. Lavraud, and M. Messerotti, Studying Sun-planet connections using the Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO), Sol. Phys., 280(2), 603-621, doi:10.1007/s11207-012-0110-x, 2012.

Year 2011:

[91] Lavraud, B., M. J. Owens, and A. P. Rouillard, In Situ Signatures of Interchange Reconnection between Magnetic Clouds and Open Magnetic Fields: A Mechanism for the Erosion of Polar Coronal Holes?, Solar Phys., 270(1), 285-296, doi:10.1007/s11207-011-9717-6, 2011a.

[90] Foullon, C., B. Lavraud, J. G. Luhmann, N. C. Wardle, C. J. Farrugia, A. Retino, K. Simunac, A. Galvin, H. Kucharek, M. Popecki, A. Opitz, and J.-A. Sauvaud, Plasmoid transient releases in the heliospheric current sheet with adjacent coronal hole boundary layer evolution, Astrophys. J., 737(1), 16, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/737/1/16, 2011.

[89] Sauvaud, J.-A., A. Opitz, L. Palin, B. Lavraud, C. Jacquey, L. Kistler, H.U. Frey, J. Luhmann, D. Larson, and C. T. Russell, Far tail (~225 Re) fast response to very weak geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03215, doi: 10.1029/2010JA016077, 2011.

[88] Aunai, N., A. Retino, G. Belmont, R. Smets, B. Lavraud, and A. Vaivads, The proton pressure tensor as a new proxy of the proton decoupling region in collisionless magnetic reconnection, Ann. Geophys., 29(9), 1587-1604, 2011.

[87] Rouillard, A. P., N. R. Sheeley Jr., T. J. Cooper, J. A. Davies, B. Lavraud, E. K. J. Kilpua, R.M. Skoug, J. T. Steinberg, A. Szabo, A. Opitz, and J.-A. Sauvaud, The solar origin of small interplanetary transients, Astrophys. J., 734(1), 7, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/734/1/7, 2011.

[86] Nieves-Chinchilla, T., R. Gómez-Herrero, A. F. Viñas, O. Malandraki, N. Dresing, M.A. Hidalgo, A. Opitz, J.-A. Sauvaud, B. Lavraud, and J. M. Davila, Analysis and study of the in situ observation of the June 1st 2008 CME by STEREO, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Res., 73(11-12), 1348, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.09.026, 2011.

[85] Farrugia, C. J., D. B. Berdichevsky, C. Mostl, M. A. Popecki, M. Leitner, A. B. Galvin, K. D. C. Simunac, A. Opitz, B. Lavraud, A. M. Veronig, M. Temmer, J. G. Luhmann, and J.-A. Sauvaud, Multiple, distant (40° azimuthal separation) in situ observations of a Magnetic Cloud and a Corotating Interaction Region Complex, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73(10), 1254-1269, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2010.09.011, 2011.

[84] Dunlop, M. W., Q.-H. Zhang, Y. V. Bogdanova, K.-H. Trattner, Z. Pu, H. Hasegawa, J. Berchem, J. Wang, M. G. G. T. Taylor, M. Volverk, B. Lavraud, C. Shen, J.-K. Shi, D. Constantinescu, A. N. Fazakerley, H. Frey, D. Sibeck, P. Escoubet, J. Eastwood, and J. Wild, Extended reconnection structure across wide local time, Ann. Geophys., 29(9), 1683-1697, 2011.

[83] Dunlop, M. W., Q.-H. Zhang, Y. V. Bogdanova, M. Lockwood, Z. Pu, H. Hasegawa, J. Wang, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Berchem, D. Constantinescu, B. Lavraud, M. Volwerk, H. Frey, A. N. Fazakerley, C. Shen, J-K Shi, D. Sibeck, P. Escoubet, J. Eastwood, and J. Wild, Extended magnetic reconnection across the dayside magnetopause, Phys. Rev. Lett., 107(2), 027004, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.025004, 2011.

[82] Volwerk, M., J. Berchem, Y. V. Bogdanova, O. D. Constantinescu, M. W. Dunlop, J. P. Eastwood, C. P. Escoubet, A. N. Fazakerley, H. Frey, H. Hasegawa, B. Lavraud, E. V. Panov, C. Shen, J. K. Shi, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Wang, J. Wild, Q. H. Zhang, O. Amm, and J. M. Weygand, Interplanetary magnetic field rotations followed from L1 to the ground: The response of the Earth’s magnetosphere as seen by multi-spacecraft and ground-based observations, Ann. Geophys., 29(9), 1549-1569, 2011.

Year 2010:

[81] Lavraud, B., A. Opitz, J. T. Gosling, A. P. Rouillard, K. Meziane, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Fedorov, I. Dandouras, V. Génot, C. Jacquey, P. Louarn, C. Mazelle, E. Penou, D. Larson, J. G. Luhmann, P. Schroeder, L. Jian, C. T. Russell, C. Foullon, R. M. Skoug, J. T. Steinberg, K. D. Simunac and A. B. Galvin, Statistics of counter-streaming solar wind suprathermal electrons at solar minimum: STEREO observations, Ann. Geophys., 28, No. 1, 233-246, 2010.

[80] Rouillard, A. P., B. Lavraud, N. R. Sheeley, J. A. Davies, L. F. Burlaga, N. P. Savani, C. Jacquey, and R. J. Forsyth, White-light and in-situ comparison of a forming merged interaction region, Astrophys. J., 719, 1385, doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/1385, 2010a.

[79] Rouillard, A. P., B. Lavraud, J. A. Davies, N. P. Savani, L. F. Burlaga, R. J. Forsyth, J.-A. Sauvaud, A Opitz, M. Lockwood, J. G. Luhmann, K. D. C. Simunac, A. B. Galvin, C. J. Davis, and R. A. Harrison, Intermittent release of small-scale transients in the slow solar wind: II, In-situ evidences, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A04104, doi:10.1029/2009JA014472, 2010b.

[78] Rouillard, A. P., J. A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R. J. Forsyth, N. P. Savani, D. Bewsher, D. S. Brown, N. R. Sheeley, C. J. Davis, R. A. Harrison, R. A. Howard, A. Vourlidas, M. Lockwood, S. R. Crothers, and C. J. Eyles, Intermittent release of small-scale transients in the slow solar wind: I, Remote sensing observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A04103, doi:10.1029/2009JA014471, 2010c.

[77] Calais, E., N. Diffenbaugh, P. D’Odorico, R. Harris, W. Knorr, B. Lavraud, A. Mueller, W. Peterson, E. Rignot, M. Srokosz, P. Strutton, G. Tyndall, M. Wysession, and P. Williams, Geophysical Research Letters: New Policies Improve Top-Cited Geosciences Journal, Eos, 91(38), 337, 2010.

[76] Opitz, A., J-A. Sauvaud, A. Fedorov, P. Wurz, J. G. Luhmann, B. Lavraud, C. T. Russell, P. Kellogg, C. Briand, P. Henri, D. M. Malaspina, P. Louarn, D. W. Curtis, E. Penou, R. Karrer, A. B. Galvin, D. E. Larson, I. Dandouras, and P. Schroeder, Temporal evolution of the solar-wind electron core density at solar minimum by correlating SWEA measurements from STEREO A and B, Solar Phys., 266(2), 369, doi:10.1007/s11207-010-9613-5, 2010.

[75] Génot, V., C. Jacquey, M. Bouchemit, M. Gangloff, A. Fedorov, B. Lavraud, N. André, L. Broussillou, C. Harvey, E. Pallier, E. Penou, E. Budnik, R. Hitier, B. Cecconi, F. Dériot, D. Heulet, and J.-L. Pinçon, Space weather applications with CDPP/AMDA, Adv. Space Res., 45, No. 9, 1145-1155, 2010.

[74] Hasegawa, H., J. Wang, M. W. Dunlop, Z. Y. Pu, Q.-H. Zhang, B. Lavraud, M. G. G. T. Taylor, O. D. Constantinescu, J. Berchem, V. Angelopoulos, J. P. McFadden, H. U. Frey, E. V. Panov, M. Volwerk, and Y. V. Bogdanova, Evidence for a flux transfer event generated by multiple X-line reconnection at the magnetopause, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L16101, doi:10.1029/2010GL044219, 2010.

[73] Chollet, E. E., R. A. Mewaldt, A. C. Cummings, J. T. Gosling, D. K. Haggerty, Q. Hu, D. Larson, B. Lavraud, R. A. Leske, G. M. Mason, A. Opitz, E. C. Roelof, C. T. Russell, and J.-A. Sauvaud, Multipoint connectivity analysis of the May 2007 solar energetic particle events, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A12106, doi:10.1029/2010JA015552, 2010.

Year 2009:

[72] Lavraud, B., J. T. Gosling, A. P. Rouillard, A. Fedorov, A. Opitz, J.-A. Sauvaud, C. Foulllon, I. Dandouras, V. Génot, C. Jacquey, P. Louarn, C. Mazelle, E. Penou, T. D. Phan, D. Larson, J. G. Luhmann, P. Schroeder, R. M. Skoug, J. T. Steinberg and C. T. Russell, Observation of a complex solar wind reconnection exhaust from spacecraft separated by over 1800 RE, Solar Phys., 256, No. 1-2, p. 379-392, doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9341-x, 2009a.

[71] Lavraud, B., J. E. Borovsky, V. Génot, S. J. Schwartz, J. Birn, A. N. Fazakerley, M. W. Dunlop, M. G. G. T. Taylor, H. Hasegawa, A. P. Rouillard, J. Berchem, Y. Bogdanova, D. Constantinescu, I. Dandouras, J. P. Eastwood, C. P. Escoubet, H. Frey, C. Jacquey, E. Panov, Z. Y. Pu, C. Shen, J. Shi, D. G. Sibeck, M. Volwerk, and J. Wild, Tracing solar wind plasma entry into the magnetosphere using ion-to-electron temperature ratio, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L18109, doi:10.1029/2009GL039442, 2009b.

[70] Borovsky, J., B. Lavraud, and M. M. Kuznetsova, Polar cap potential saturation, dayside reconnection, and changes to the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A03224, doi:10.1029/2009JA014058, 2009.

[69] Foullon, C., B. Lavraud, N. C. Wardle, C. J. Owen, H. Kucharek, A. N. Fazakerley, D. E. Larson, E. Lucek, J. G. Luhmann, A. Opitz, J.-A. Sauvaud, and R. M. Skoug, The apparent layered structure of the heliospheric current sheet: Multi-spacecraft observations, Solar Phys., 259, No. 1-2, p. 389-416, doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9452-4, 2009.

[68] Karimabadi, H., T. B. Sipes, Y. Wang, B. Lavraud, and A. Roberts, A new multivariate time series data analysis technique: automated detection of flux transfer events using cluster data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A06216, doi:10.1029/2009JA014202, 2009.

[67] Louarn, P., C. Dieval, V. Génot, B. Lavraud, A. Opitz, A. Fedorov, J.-A. Sauvaud, D. Larson, A. Galvin, M. H. Acuña, and J. G. Luhmann, On the temporal variability of the strahl and its relationship with solar wind characteristics: STEREO/SWEA observations, Solar Phys.,  259, No. 1-2, p. 311-321, doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9402-1, 2009.

[66] Rouillard, A. P., N. Savani, J. A. Davies, B. Lavraud, R. J. Forsyth, S. K. Morley, A. Opitz, N. R. Sheeley, J.-A. Sauvaud, K. D. C. Simunac, J. G. Luhmann, A. B. Galvin, S. R. Crothers, C. J. Davis, R. A.Harrison, M. Lockwood, C. J. Eyles, D. Bewsher, and D. S. Brown, A multi-spacecraft analysis of a small-scale transient entrained by solar wind streams, Solar Phys., 256, No. 1-2, p. 307-326, doi:10.1007/s11207-009-9329-6, 2009.

[65] Pickett, J. S., L.-J. Chen, O. Santolík, S. Grimald, B. Lavraud, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, B. T. Tsurutani, B. Lefebvre, A. Fazakerley, G. S. Lakhina, S. S. Ghosh, B. Grison, P. M. E. Décréau, D. A. Gurnett, R. Torbert, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, I. Dandouras, and E. Lucek, Electrostatic solitary waves in current layers: from Cluster observations during a super-substorm to beam experiments at the LAPD, Nonlin. Proc. Geophys., 16, No. 3, 431-442, 2009.

[64] Lindstedt, T., Yu. V. Khotyaintsev, A. Vaivads, M. Andre, R. C. Fear, B. Lavraud, S. Haaland, and C. J. Owen, Separatrix regions of magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause, Ann. Geophys., 27, No. 10, 4039-4056, 2009.

[63] Baker, D., A. P. Rouillard, L. van Driel-Gesztelyi, P. Démoulin, L. K. Harra, B. Lavraud, J.A. Davies, A. Opitz, J. G. Luhmann, J.-A. Sauvaud, and A. B. Galvin, Signatures of interchange reconnection: STEREO, ACE and Hinode observations combined, Ann. Geophys., 27, No. 10, 3883-3897, 2009.

[62] Hasegawa, H., J. P. McFadden, Y. V. Bogdanova, J. Wang, O. D. Constantinescu, M. W. Dunlop, T. Takada, H. U. Frey, B. Lavraud, Q.-H. Zhang, Z. Y. Pu, A. N. Fazakerley, E. V. Panov, M. Volwerk, C. Shen, J. K. Shi, K.-H. Glassmeier, and V. Angelopoulos, Boundary layer plasma flows from high-latitude reconnection in the summer hemisphere for northward IMF: THEMIS multi-point observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L15107, doi:10.1029/2009GL039410, 2009.

Year 2008:

[61] Lavraud, B., and J. E. Borovsky, Altered solar wind – magnetosphere interaction at low Mach numbers: Coronal Mass Ejections, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A00B08, doi:10.1029/2008JA013192, 2008a.

[60] Lavraud, B., V. K. Jordanova, and M. F. Thomsen, Modeling the effects of local time variation of plasma sheet properties on proton ring current energy and peak location, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A05215, doi:10.1029/2007JA012883, 2008b.

[59] Taylor, M. G. G. T., and B. Lavraud, Observation of three distinct ion populations at the Kelvin-Helmholtz-unstable magnetopause, Ann. Geophys., 26, No. 6, 1559-1566, 2008.

[58] Taylor, M. G. G. T., B. Lavraud, C. P. Escoubet, S. E. Milan, K. Nykyri, M. W. Dunlop, J. A. Davies, R. H. W. Friedel, H. Frey, Y. V. Bogdanova, A. Aasnes, H. Laakso, P. Travnicek, A. Masson, H. Opgenoorth, C. Vallat, A. N. Fazakerley, A. D. Lahiff, C. J. Owen, F. Pitout, C. Shen, Q.–G. Zong, Z. Pu, H. Rème, and J. Scudder, The plasma sheet and boundary layers under northward IMF: a multi-point and multi-instrument perspective, Adv. Space. Res., 41, No. 10, 1619-1629, 2008.

[57] Åsnes, A., R. W. H. Friedel, B. Lavraud, G. D. Reeves, M. G. G. T. Taylor, and P. Daly, Statistical properties of tail plasma sheet electrons above 40 keV, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A03202, doi:10.1029/2007JA012502, 2008.

[56] Li, W., J. Raeder, M. F. Thomsen, and B. Lavraud, Solar wind plasma entry into the magnetosphere under northward IMF conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A04204, doi:10.1029/2007JA012604, 2008.

[55] Varotsou, A., R. Friedel, G. D. Reeves, B. Lavraud, R. Skoug, T. E. Cayton, and S. Bourdarie, Characterization of relativistic electron flux rise times during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms as measured by the NS41 GPS satellite, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 70, No. 14, 1679-1846, 2008.

[54] Åsnes, A., M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. L. Borg, B. Lavraud, R. H. W. Friedel, P. Escoubet, H. Laakso, P. Daly, and A. N. Fazakerley, Multispacecraft observation of electrons beam in reconnection region, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S30, doi:10.1029/2007JA012770, 2008.

[53] McAndrews, H. J., C. J. Owen, M. F. Thomsen, B. Lavraud, A. J. Coates, M. K. Dougherty, and D. T. Young, Evidence for reconnection at Saturn’s magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A04210, doi:10.1029/2007JA012581, 2008.

[52] Ghosh, S. S., J. S. Pickett, G. S. Lakhina, J. D. Winningham, B. Lavraud, and P. M. E. Décréau, Parametric analysis of positive amplitude electron acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized plasma and its application to boundary layers, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A06218, doi:10.1029/ 2007JA012768, 2008.

[51] Dunlop, M. W., M. G. G. T. Taylor, Y. V. Bogdanova, C. Shen, F. Pitout, Z. Pu, J. A. Davies, Q. -H. Zhang, J. Wang, B. Lavraud, A. N. Fazakerley, A. Walsh, C. J. Owen, H. Laakso, Q. -G. Zong, Z.-X. Liu, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr and H. Rème, Electron structure of the magnetopause boundary layer: Cluster/Double Star observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S19, doi:10.1029/2007JA012788, 2008.

[50] Pickett, J. S., L.-J. Chen, R. L. Mutel, I. W. Christopher, O. Santolik, G. S. Lakhina, S. V. Singh, R. V. Reddy, D. A. Gurnett, B. T. Tsurutani, E. Lucek, and B. Lavraud, Furthering our understanding of electrostatic solitary waves through Cluster multispacecraft observations and theory, Adv. Space Res., 41, No. 10, 1666-1676, 2008.

Year 2007:

[49] Lavraud, B., J. E. Borovsky, A. J. Ridley, E. W. Pogue, M. F. Thomsen, H. Rème, A. N. Fazakerley, and E. A. Lucek, Strong bulk plasma acceleration in Earth’s magnetosheath: A magnetic slingshot effect?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, No. 14, L14102, doi:10.1029/2007GL030024, 2007.

[48] Lavraud, B., and V. K. Jordanova, Modeling the effects of cold-dense and hot-tenuous plasma sheet on proton ring current energy and peak location, Geophys. Res. Lett.., 34, No. 1, L02102, doi:101029/ 2006GL027566, 2007.

[47] Thomsen, M. F., M. Denton, B. Lavraud, and M. Bodeau, Statistics of plasma fluxes at geosynchronous orbit over more than a full solar cycle, Space Weather, 5, S03004, doi:10.1029/2006SW000257, 2007.

[46] Denton, M. H., M. F. Thomsen, B. Lavraud, R. M. Skoug, M. G. Henderson, J. E. Borovsky, H. O. Funsten, J.-M. Jahn, C. J. Pollock, and J. Weygand, Imaging of convection-driven delivery of plasma sheet material to the inner magnetosphere using IMAGE/MENA, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, No. 4, L04105, doi:10.1029/2006GL027886, 2007.

Year 2006:

[45] Lavraud, B., M. F. Thomsen, B. Lefebvre, S. J. Schwartz, K. Seki, T. D. Phan, Y. L. Wang, A. Fazakerley, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, Evidence for newly closed magnetosheath field lines at the dayside magnetopause under northward IMF, J. Geophys. Res., 111, No. A5, A05211, doi:10.1029/2005JA011266, 2006a.

[44] Lavraud, B., M. F. Thomsen, S. Wing, M. Fujimoto, M. H. Denton, J. E. Borovsky, A. Aasnes, K. Seki, and J. Weygand, Observation of two distinct cold, dense ion populations at geosynchronous orbit: local time asymmetry, solar wind dependence and origin, Ann. Geophys., 24, No. 12, 3451-3465, 2006b.

[43] Lavraud, B., M. F. Thomsen, J. E. Borovsky, M. H. Denton, and T. I. Pulkkinen, Magnetosphere preconditioning under northward IMF: Evidence from the study of CME and CIR geoeffectiveness, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A09208, doi:10.1029/2005JA011566, 2006c.

[42] Wu, P., T. A. Fritz, B. Lavraud, and E. Lucek, Substorm associated magnetotail energetic electrons pitch angle evolutions and flow reversals: Cluster observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17101, doi:10.1029/2006GL026595, 2006.

[41] Nykyri, K., A. Otto, B. Lavraud, C. Mouikis, L. M. Kistler, A. Balogh, and H. Rème, Cluster observations of reconnection due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the dawnside magnetospheric flank, Ann. Geophys., 24, No. 10, 2619 – 2643, 2006.

[40] Wang, Y. L., R. C. Elphic, B. Lavraud, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Birn, C. T. Russell, J. Raeder, H. Kawano, and X. X. Zhang, The dependence of flux transfer events on solar wind conditions from three years of Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res., 111, No. A4, A04224, doi:10.1029/2005JA011342, 2006.

[39] Nykyri, K., B. Grison, P. J. Cargill, B. Lavraud, E. Lucek, I. Dandouras, A. Balogh, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlinand, and H. Rème, Origin of the turbulent spectra in the high-altitude cusp: Cluster spacecraft observations, Ann. Geophys., 24, No. 3, 1057 – 1075, 2006.

[38] Denton, M. H., J. E. Borovsky, R. M. Skoug, M. F. Thomsen, B. Lavraud, M. G. Henderson, R. L. McPherron, J.-Ch. Zhang, and M. W. Liemohn, Geomagnetic storms driven by ICME- and CIR-dominated solar wind, J. Geophys. Res., 111, No. A7, A07S07, doi:10.1029/2005JA011436, 2006.

[37] Taylor, M. G. G. T., G. D. Reeves, R. H. W. Friedel, M. F. Thomsen, R. C. Elphic, J. A. Davies, M. W. Dunlop, H. Laakso, B. Lavraud, D. N. Baker, J. A. Slavin, C. H. Perry, C. P. Escoubet, A. Masson, H. Opgenoorth, C. Vallat, P. W. Daly, A. N. Fazakerley, and E. A. Lucek, Cluster encounter with an energetic electron beam during a substorm, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11, A11203, doi:10.1029/2006JA011666, 2006.

Year 2005:

[36] Lavraud, B., A. Fedorov, E. Budnik, M. F. Thomsen, A. Grigoriev, P. J. Cargill, M. W. Dunlop, H. Rème, I. Dandouras, and A. Balogh, High-altitude cusp flows dependence on IMF orientation: A three-year Cluster statistical study, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A02209, doi:10.1029/2004JA010804, 2005a.

[35] Lavraud, B., H. Rème, M. W. Dunlop, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Keiling, T. D. Phan, R. Lundin, P. J. Cargill, C. P. Escoubet, C. W. Carlson, J. P. McFadden, G. K. Parks, E. Moebius, L. M. Kistler, E. Amata, M.-B. Bavassano-Cattaneo, A. Korth, B. Klecker and A. Balogh, Cluster observes the high-altitude cusp region, Surv. Geophys., 26, No. 1-3, 135-175, doi:10.1007/s10712-005-1875-3, 2005b.

[34] Lavraud, B., M. F. Thomsen, M. G. G. T. Taylor, Y. L. Wang, T. D. Phan, S. J. Schwartz, R. C. Elphic, A. Fazakerley, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, Characteristics of the magnetosheath electron boundary layer under northward IMF: Implications for high-latitude reconnection, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A06209, doi :10.1029/2004JA010808, 2005c.

[33] Lavraud, B., M. H. Denton, M. F. Thomsen, J. E. Borovsky, and R. H. W. Friedel, Superposed epoch analysis of dense plasma access to geosynchronous orbit, Ann. Geophys., 23, No. 7, 2519-2529, 2005d.

[32] Cargill, P. J., B. Lavraud, C. J. Owen, B. Grison, M. W. Dunlop, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, C. P. Escoubet, G. Paschmann, T. D. Phan, L. Rezeau, Y. Bogdanova, and K. Nykyri, Cluster at the Magnetospheric Cusps, Space Sci. Rev., 118, No. 1-4, 321-366, doi:10.1007/s11214-005-3835-0, 2005.

[31] Dunlop, M. W., B. Lavraud, P. J. Cargill, M. G. G. T. Taylor, A. Balogh, H. Rème, P. Décréau, K.–H. Glassmeier, R. C. Elphic, J.-M. Bosqued, A. Fazakerley, I. Dandouras, and A. Marchaudon, Cluster observations of the cusp: magnetic structure and dynamics, Surv. Geophys., 26, No. 1-3, 5-55, doi:10.1007/s10712-005-1871-7, 2005.

[30] Gary, S. P., B. Lavraud, M. F. Thomsen, B. Lefebvre, and S. J. Schwartz, Electron anisotropy constraint in the magnetosheath: Cluster observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, No. 13, L13109, doi:10.1029/2005GL023234, 2005.

[29] Moretto, T., D. G. Sibeck, B. Lavraud, K. J. Trattner, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, Flux pile-up and plasma depletion at the high latitude dayside magnetopause during southward interplanetary magnetic field: A Cluster event study, Ann. Geophys., 23, No. 6, 2259-2264, 2005.

[28] Wang, Y. L., R. C. Elphic, B. Lavraud, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Birn, J. Raeder, C. T. Russell, H. Kawano, Q.-G. Zong, H. Zhang, X. X. Zhang, and R. H. Friedel, Initial results of high-latitude magnetopause and low-latitude flank flux transfer events from three years of Cluster observations, J. Geophys. Res., 110, No. A11, A11221, doi:10.1029/2005JA011150, 2005.

[27] Grison, B., F. Sahraoui, B. Lavraud, T. Chust, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, H. Rème, A. Balogh, amd M. André, Wave particle interactions in the high-altitude polar cusp: A Cluster case study, Ann. Geophys., 23, No. 12, 3699-3713, 2005.

[26] Eastwood, J., D. J. Sibeck, J. A. Slavin, M. L. Goldstein, B. Lavraud, M. Sitnov, S. Imber, A. Balogh, E. A. Lucek, and I. Dandouras, Observations of multiple X-line structure in the Earth’s magnetotail current sheet: A Cluster case study, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, No. 11, doi:10.1029/2005GL022509, 2005.

[25] Pickett, J. S., L.-J. Chen, S. W. Kahler, O. Santolik, M. L. Goldstein, B. Lavraud, P. M. E. Décréau, R. Kessel, E. Lucek, G. S. Lakhina, B. T. Tsurutani, D. A. Gurnett, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, A. Fazakerley, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, On the generation of solitary waves observed by Cluster in the near-Earth magnetosheath, Nonlinear Proc. Geophys., 12, No. 2, 181-193, 2005.

[24] Rae, I. J., E. F. Donovan, I. R. Mann, F. R. Fenrich, C. E. J. Watt, D. K. Milling, M. Lester, B. Lavraud, J. A. Wild, H. J. Singer, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, Evolution and characteristics of global Pc5 ULF waves during a high solar wind speed interval, J. Geophys. Res., 110, No. A12, A12211, doi:10.1029/2005JA011007, 2005.

[23] Stenberg, G., T. Oscarsson, M. André, A. Vaivads, M. Morooka, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, A. Fazakerley, B. Lavraud, and P. M. E. Décréau, Electron-scale sheets of whistlers close to the magnetopause, Ann. Geophys., 23, No. 12, 3715-3725, 2005.

[22] Bosqued, J.-M., C. P. Escoubet, H. Frey, M. W. Dunlop, J. Berchem, A. Marchaudon, J. C.  Cerisier, A. Fazerkerley, E. Budnik, B. Lavraud, H. Rème, H. Laakso, and A. Balogh, Multipoint observations of transient reconnection signatures in the dayside cusp precipitation: A CLUSTER-IMAGE detailed case study, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A03219, doi:10.1029/2004JA010621, 2005.

[21] Dunlop, M. W., M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. A. Davies, C. J. Owen, F. Pitout, A. N. Fazakerley, Z. Pu, H. Laakso, Y. Bogdanova, Q.-G. Zong, C. Shen, K. Nykyri, B. Lavraud, S. E. Milan, T. D. Phan, H. Rème, C. P. Escoubet, C. M. Carr, P. Cargill, M. Lockwood, and B. Sonnerup, Coordinated Cluster/Double Star observations of dayside reconnection signatures, Ann. Geophys., 23, No. 8, 2867-2875, 2005.

Year 2004:

[20] Lavraud, B., T. D. Phan, M. W. Dunlop, M. G. G. T. Taylor, P. J. Cargill,   J.-M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, H. Rème, J.-A. Sauvaud, C. P. Escoubet, A. Balogh, and A. Fazakerley, The exterior cusp and its boundary with the magnetosheath under northward IMF: Cluster multi-event analysis, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 8, 3039-3054, 2004a.

[19] Lavraud, B., A. Fedorov, E. Budnik, A. Grigoriev, P. J. Cargill, M. W. Dunlop, H. Rème, I. Dandouras, and A. Balogh, Cluster survey of the high-altitude cusp properties: A three-year statistical study, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 8, 3009-3019, 2004b.

[18] Cargill, P. J., M. W. Dunlop, B. Lavraud, R. C. Elphic, D. L. Holland, K. Nykyri, A. Balogh, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème, CLUSTER encounters with the high altitude cusp: Boundary structure and magnetic field depletions, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 5, 1739-1754, 2004.

[17] Taylor, M. G. G. T., M. W. Dunlop, B. Lavraud, A. Vontrat-Reberac, C. J. Owen, P. Décréau, P. Travnicek, R. Elphic, R. Friedel, J. Dewhurst, Y. Wang, A. Fazakerley, A. Balogh, H. Rème, and P. Daly, Cluster observations of a complex high-altitude cusp passage during highly variable IMF, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 10, 3707-3719, 2004.

[16] Twitty, C. K., T. D. Phan, G. Paschmann, B. Lavraud, H. Rème, and M. W. Dunlop, Cluster survey of cusp reconnection and its IMF dependence, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, No. 19, L19808, doi:10.1029/2004GL020646, 2004.

[15] Sonnerup, B. U. Ö., S. Haaland, G. Paschmann, B. Lavraud, M. W. Dunlop, H. Rème, and A. Balogh, Orientation and motion of a discontinuity from single spacecraft measurements of plasma velocity and density: Minimum massflux residue, J. Geophys. Res., 109, No. A3, A03221, doi:10.1029/ 2003JA010230, 2004.

[14] Nykyri, K., P. J. Cargill, E. A. Lucek, T. S. Horbury, B. Lavraud, A. Balogh, M. W. Dunlop, Y. Bogdanova, A. Fazakerley, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème, Cluster observations of magnetic field fluctuations in the high-altitude cusp, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 7, 2413-2429, 2004.

[13] Keiling, A., H. Rème, I. Dandouras, J. M. Bosqued, V. Sergeev, J.-A. Sauvaud, C. Jacquey, B. Lavraud, P. Louarn, T. Moreau, C. Vallat, C. P. Escoubet, G. K. Parks, M. McCarthy, E. Möbius, E. Amata, B. Klecker, A. Korth, R. Lundin, P. Daly, and Q.-G. Zong, New properties of energy-dispersed ions in the plasma sheet boundary layer observed by Cluster, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A5, A05215, doi:10.1029/2003JA010277, 2004.

[12] Hasegawa, H., B. U. Ö. Sonnerup, M. W. Dunlop, A. Balogh, S. E. Haaland, B. Klecker, G. Paschmann, B. Lavraud, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème, Reconstruction of two-dimensional magnetopause structures from Cluster observations: Verification of method, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 4, 1251-1266, 2004.

[11] Khotyaintsev, Y., A. Vaivads, Y. Ogawa, B. Popielawska, M. André, S. Buchert, P. Décréau, B. Lavraud, and H. Rème, Cluster observations of high-frequency waves in the exterior cusp, Ann. Geophys., 22, No. 7, 2403-2411, 2004.

[10] Morooka M., M. André, J.-E. Wahlund, S. Buchert, A. Fazakerley, D. Winningham, H. Rème, I. Dandouras, B. Lavraud, A. Balogh, and K. Igenbergs, Cluster observations of ULF waves with pulsating electron beams above the dayside post-noon auroral region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, No. 5, L05804, doi:10.1029/2003GL017714, 2004.

[9] Pickett, J. S., S. W. Kahler, L.-J. Chen, R. L. Huff, O. Santolik, Y. Khotyaintsev, P. M. E. Décréau, D. Winningham, R. Frahm, M. L. Goldstein, G. S. Lakhina, B. T. Tsurutani, B. Lavraud, D. A. Gurnett, N. Cornilleau-Wherlin, M. André, A. Fazakerley, A. Balogh, and H. Rème, Solitary waves observed in the auroral zone : The Cluster multi-spacecraft perspective, Nonlinear Proc. Geophys., 11, No. 2, 183-196, 2004.

Year 2003:

[8] Vontrat-Reberac, A., J. M. Bosqued, M. G. G. T. Taylor, B. Lavraud, D. Fontaine, M. W. Dunlop, H. Laakso, N. Cornilleau-Werhlin, P. Canu, and A. Fazarkerley, Cluster observations of the high-altitude cusp for northward interplanetary magnetic field: a case study, J. Geophys. Res., 108, No. A9, 1346, doi:10.1029/2002JA009717, 2003.

[7] Stasiewicz, K., M. Longmore, S. Buchert, P. K. Shukla, B. Lavraud, and J. Pickett, Properties of fast magnetosonic shocklets at the bow shock, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, No. 24, 2241, doi:10.1029/2003GL017971, 2003.

[6] Stasiewicz, K., P. K. Shukla, G. Gustafsson, S. Buchert, B. Lavraud, B. Thidé, and Z. Klos, Slow Magnetosonic Solitons Detected by the Cluster Spacecraft, Phys. Rev. Lett., 90, 085002, 2003.

[5] Nykyri, K., P. J. Cargill, E. A. Lucek, T. S. Horbury, A. Balogh, B. Lavraud, I. Dandouras, and H. Rème, Ion cyclotron waves in the high altitude cusp: CLUSTER observations at varying spacecraft separations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, No. 24, 2263, doi:10.1029/2003GL018594, 2003.

[4] Lundin, R., J.-A. Sauvaud, H. Rème, A. Balogh, I. Dandouras, J. M. Bosqued, C. Carlson, G. K. Parks, E. Moebius, L. M. Kistler, B. Klecker, E. Amata, V. Formisano, M. W. Dunlop, L. Eliasson, A. Korth, B. Lavraud and M. McCarthy, Evidence for impulsive solar wind plasma penetration through the dayside magnetopause, Ann. Geophys., 21, No. 2, 457-472, 2003.

Year 2002:

[3] Lavraud, B., M. W. Dunlop, T. D. Phan, H. Rème, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, J.-A. Sauvaud, R. Lundin, M. G. G. T. Taylor, P. J. Cargill, C. Mazelle, C. P. Escoubet, C. W. Carlson, J. P. McFadden, G. K. Parks, E. Moebius, L. M. Kistler, M.-B. Bavassano-Cattaneo, A. Korth, B. Klecker and A. Balogh., Cluster observations of the exterior cusp and its surrounding boundaries under northward IMF, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, No. 20, 56, 2002.

Year 2001:

[2] Rème, H., C. Aoustin, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, B. Lavraud, J.-A. Sauvaud, A. Barthe, J. Bouyssou, Th. Camus, O. Cœur-Joly,  A. Cros, J. Cuvilo, F. Ducay, Y. Garbarowitz, J. L. Médale, E. Penou, H. Perrier, D. Romefort, J. Rouzaud, C. Vallat, D. Alcaydé, C. Jacquey, C. Mazelle, C. d'Uston et al., First multispacecraft ion measurements in and near the earth’s magnetosphere with the identical CLUSTER Ion Spectrometry (CIS) Experiment, Ann. Geophys., 19, No. 10-12, 1303-1354, 2001.

[1] Sauvaud, J.-A., R. Lundin, H. Rème, J. P. McFadden, C. Carlson, G. K. Parks, E. Moebius, L. M. Kistler, B. Klecker, E. Amata, A. M. DiLellis, V. Formisano, J. M. Bosqued, I. Dandouras, P. Décréau, M. W. Dunlop, L. Eliasson, A. Korth, B. Lavraud, and M. McCarthy., Intermittent thermal plasma acceleration linked to sporadic motions of the magnetopause, first Cluster results, Ann. Geophys., 19, No. 10-12, 1523-1532, 2001.

 

Teaching  
 2014 Courses (2h) for ISAE engineering students on:
« Missions and instrumentations for space physics »
 2010 - 2012 Courses/seminars (2h) for astrophysics master on:
« Coronal Mass Ejections: from the Sun to the Earth »
 2010 - 2011 Supervision of electronics laboratory work
IUT de Mesures Physiques, University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
 2002 - 2003 Supervision of physcis laboratory work
IUT de Mesures Physiques, University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
 2000 - 2001 - 2002 Physics tutor, University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
Small student group support
 1998 - 1999 Computing tutor, University of Bordeaux
Full group student support

 

Supervising  
 Since Sept. 2015 Post-doc : Yoann Vernisse.
MMS data analysis: magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause.
 Sept. 2014 – Mar. 2015 Limited-term Engineering staff : Kevin Segura.
Feasibility study and proposal preparation for the INSTANT concept to be submitted to ESA-CAS small mission call of opportunity.
 Oct. 2013 – Oct. 2014 Post-doc : Nicolas Aunai.
Simulation and observation of magnetic reconnection. Preparation for MMS.
 Jan. – Aug. 2013  Post-doc : Primoz Kajdic.
Interplanetary shocks and electron acceleration with STEREO/SWEA observations.
 Feb. 2012 – Feb. 2013  Post-doc : Andrii Lynnyk.
Observation and modeling of coronal mass ejection deformation with STEREO and WIND data.
 Since Nov. 2014 PhD student : Eduardo Sanchez-Diaz.
PhD thesis « Study of the origin and properties of the slow solar wind ».
Co-supervisor: Alexis Rouillard (IRAP)
 Since Oct. 2014 PhD student : Jérémy Dargent.
PhD thesis « Observations and simulations of magnetic reconnection at the magnetopause ».
Co-supervisor: Nicolas Aunai (LPP)
 Since Oct. 2014 PhD student : Antoine Cara.
PhD thesis « Development of a new, compact, dual ion-electron instrument ».
Co-supervisor: Hélène Tap (ENSEEIHT)
 Oct. 2010 – Dec. 2013 PhD student : Alexis Ruffenach.
PhD thesis « Observation and modeling of the erosion of magnetic clouds by magnetic reconnection during propagation ».
Prix MAURY de l'Académie des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles Lettres de Toulouse.
Co-supervisor: Jean-André Sauvaud (IRAP)
 March – July 2014 Internship : Timothée Achilli, Swedish Astrophysics Master.
Study of multiple ion and electron populations at the Earth's dayside magnetopause.
 April – June 2014 Internship : Kevin Segura, Engineering school (ESTACA).
Origin of the very slow solar wind from HELIOS data.
 Mar. – June 2014 Internship : Jérémy Dargent, Master 2 Astrophysics of Paris.
Study of a current sheet hybrid equilibrium with kinetic simulations.
 Feb. – June 2011 Internship : Emilie Larroque, Master 2R Astrophysics, Toulouse.
Acceleration processes in the terrestrial magnetosheath.
 April – June 2010 Internship : Arnaud Ichard, 2nd year in « IUT Mesure Physique » de Toulouse.
Inter-calibration of ion measurements on the THEMIS spacecraft.
 2008 – 2009 Internship : Rémi Fragnier, Math-Spé, TIPE Ecole Fermat de Toulouse.
Study of the heliospheric Parker spiral.
 July – Aug. 2006 Internship : Edward Pogue. Pre-Master student, Los Alamos, USA.
Acceleration processes at the magnetopause and in the magnetosheath.
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